TRIBAL CARPETS


Tribal Carpets are and were produced by tribes of nomads with a century old roaming tradition. Despite becoming sedentary and within the limits set by local laws these people still practice transhumance, which is the seasonal and temporary pastoral wandering of livestock to hill or mountain pastures.

The nomadic living conditions of these populations is reflected in these carpets, which were woven on looms that could be dismantled or on horizontal looms with beams fixed on the ground. Today nomadic carpets are still made on this kinds of looms to preserve the tradition.


The decoration patterns are usually geometrical and generally have meanings with an animistic, shamanic, talismanic and totemic connotation. The design is reproduced by heart, always in different versions. Each tribe and population namely decorate carpets with motifs peculiar to their history. The result mainly depends from the inspiration each craftsman feels during weaving and each piece has thus imperfections.

For this reason the carpet can show variations in the design and the rough wool used in weaving can create deviations in thickness, shape and colour. These carpets come in rather standard sizes; they are never particularly large on account of the loom dimensions and the purpose for which they were traditionally produced. In fact, they were intended to be used to decorate tents, cushions, as sleeping rugs, blankets, table cloths and kenarè to beautify the interiors of tents and shacks. More than any other types of carpet, these specimens can look asymmetrical, imperfect and crooked, confirming the working conditions of weavers.


Nomadic Shiraz rug

Nomadic Shiraz carpet

 

Nomadic Tuiserkan rug

Nomadic Tuiserkan carpet

 

Nomadic Kashkai carpet

Nomadic Kashkai carpet

 

Nomadic Belucistan rug

Nomadic Belucistan carpet

 

Nomadic Mussul carpet

Nomadic Mussul carpet

 


The main Nomad Tribal carpets are: Afgan, Afshari, Bakhtiary, Beluci, Belucistan, Borcialoo, Enjelas, Hamadan, Zaghè, Hosseinabad, Joshagan, Jozan, Kenarè, Lilian, Mahabad, Mahal, MalayerMazlagan, Mehravan, Meimei, Meshkin, Mir saraband, Mussul, Nanaj, Nehavand, Rudbar, Sabzevar, Saveh, Senè, Serab, Shiraz, SirjandTaromViss.