Before the Chinese annexation of Tibet in 1949, Tibet was a free and independent country, governed by a community of Buddhist monks.

Tibet place  Hand knotted tibetan rugs Tibetan monk at the top of Drepung Monastery

Tibetan cartpet weaving reached its zenith in the 19th century. Originally, carpets served a didactic function and numerous kinds of handicrafts were woven for temples. The so called ‘pillar rugs’ were very widely used. Their size ranged from 60x80cm up to 180x360cm and they were made to fit around Buddhist temple columns.


Tibet mix silk rug


Tibetan carpets were also used as saddles for beasts of burden. These pieces were made more robust through fabric or felt lining.

  Carpets to saddle animals  Carpets to saddle animals 

Tibet fine mixed silk rug, red, with Buddhist references

The most antique Tibetan specimens were woven in Tibet. Their design mostly reflects the significance of Buddhist religion in Tibet culture and art. Colours create impressive results through smashingly bold hues like orange, the typical colour of monks, pink, yellow, red and green; darker colours such as blue, black and sometimes white were used in the background.